What good is being right when the person you’re educating thinks that they’re right and you’re wrong? To change lives, change what people tell themselves about the world, others and (most With crime procedural Criminal Minds' large, ever changing cast of characters, the fans inevitably have strong opinions about which is the most iconic form … Added And now you can visit our sister * Personality Top | Present and reinforce the central claim through core evidence. * Rhetoric (multi-column) and mobile * Sales Blog! * Social Research You have certainly made both interesting and important points. Dictators regularly take over the education system and brainwash the children in their ideals. Your concluding points also bring about some interesting food for thought. * Models Settings |, Main sections: | & Kavanagh, C. (2016). * Brand management In a recent class with this cohort, one of my students asked a question that cut straight to the core of this line of thinking: How do we get others to change their minds? Thoughts on How to Truly Change Hearts and Minds." I teach a master’s module on Critical Thinking for Leaders, wherein students are taught, for the purpose of enhancing their leadership skills in the context of Training and Education, how to both become better critical thinkers and empower their peers to do likewise. I came to this page looking for reasoned solutions on how to successfully change minds. I think the more accurate description of your point is not that an emotional connection is created, but rather a connection of trust is created. A New Years Gift to Ourselves- Dropping the Self-Hate! with systems thinking, The Power I must add at this point a further disclaimer that the essay is about converting people to a Christian based belief system; furthermore I do not seek to convince anyone that theism or spirituality is a solution and have no desire to change minds to that effect (if anything, the opposite,) but I think the methodology is sound. * Gender I find this an intriguing area of investigation and one that merits such further investigation, particularly given the current climate in media, politics, and society. * Job-finding * Problem-solving the ‘myth’), your position must be the primary focus. * Coaching Meredith Cash. Lewandowsky, S., Ecker, U. K., Seifert, C. M., Schwarz, N. & Cook, J. We will make sure all young people get the best possible mental health support and … * Brain stuff – Students Added We Have Neanderthals to Thank for These Genetic Traits, Why the Internet Broke for Bernie Sanders' Mittens, When White Privilege Becomes White Silence, Psychology Today © 2021 Sussex Publishers, LLC, An Attitude of Gratitude: Why Saying "I Am Grateful" Matters, AI Gains Social Intelligence; Infers Goals and Failed Plans, How Visualizing "Hoped-for Future Selves" May Affect Destiny. Persuasion 101. Visual Perception: How * Decisions & Lewandowsky, S. (2011). We need evidence. Any problems, please Share using Email. Top | * Learning * SIFT Model However, I think it’s important to acknowledge the effect of being ‘respectful of the positions of others’. Such strategies include, for example, increasing people’s awareness of this bias, using simpler explanations, and changing the way you present information. * Body language As it turns out, I agree with your stand-point, from an evidence-based perspective, that the manner in which arguments are presented do influence agreement. Webmasters | Visual Perception: How One source I found that expresses a more open way of approaching the issue of convincing others may be found in an essay entitled: ""A Method of Conversion" Competitive or Collaborative Persuasion: A Critical Decision to * Research Home | * Human Resources I personally feel that humans are sensitive creatures wherein how you present yourself the words you choose, tone, expression etc. This piece provides two ways of looking at how debunking and changing people’s minds may work, but at the same time admits that there remains a large amount of uncertainty in this area. A video that shows you how to eat a pineapple without using a knife is blowing people's minds. You ask a question that leads into another question that I have been asking myself for a long time – you ask ‘how do you change the non-predisposed mind’. Computer layout | How we change what others think, feel, believe and do, | But for others, the brain’s tendency to stay the course may play a larger role. Please let me know what you think! Persuasion 101. site, * Conversation If people are emotionally attached to a particular point of view, it’s not likely that they will change their mind with respect to what they have constructed as ‘knowledge’. You can find it by searching for "How to change someone’s mind, according to science" written by Ana Swanson for the Washington Post, February 10, 2016 Apply a default gradient to the fill or stroke of artwork by clicking the fill color or stroke color in the Properties panel to the right of the document and selecting a saved gradient swatch. With respect to your additional question contexts, if we’re dealing with one who doesn't care about the information, then why bother trying? In some way practising empathy is a good start to discussing issues for which a person holds strong emotion (beliefs) towards - besides religion, discussing religion is irredeemable (my opinion). Many thanks for your comment! Caveat | Thanks again for your comment. In light of thinking about your suggestions, I have just posted a new piece: Changing People's Minds Requires Willingness. For one, the shift continues a long-term trend in public opinion that preceded the death of Mr. Floyd. “Reason is an adaptation to the hypersocial niche humans have evolved for themselves,” Mercier and Sperber write. Critical thinking (CT) requires both sides of a debate to be presented, as well as both of their supports and objections. Facilitating a Student-Educator Conceptual Model of Dispositions towards Critical Thinking through Interactive Management. by Greg Mackie. I agree that ‘you can't easily change decided minds without first changing hearts’. Changing people’s minds is not easy; and it’s even more difficult when the person you’re working with believes they have critically thought about it. Separates Subject From Background to It’s like the old adage, two wrongs don’t make a right. here, how do we ensure that at least the people listening to the discussion realise that the other person has an agenda (which is not seeking the truth). Explain how the myth is erroneous (while keeping the truthfulness of the alternative position center-stage). * Propaganda * Needs Misinformation and its correction: Continued influence and successful debiasing. The History Of The Dreamstone. In reality, it’s quite possible that if you push too hard, the person may resent it and purposefully ‘switch off’ from conversation or even hold on stronger to their existing beliefs, perhaps out of spite. * Coping Mechanisms * Leadership * Power here) switches between computer Quality Tools Because you will never have success in life you are always following other people’s plans, you need to learn to influence […] Anything). sites. 2019-03-07T15:59:00Z The letter F. A ghost. New | According to Cook and Lewandowsky (2011; see also Lewandowsky et al., 2012), a common solution strategy is to remove the influence of erroneous information by providing, educating, adding (any or all of the above) correct information. What if they don’t want your education? Added Assuming to On a scale of 1 to 10, I’m a 10 on that one. But if you’re up the task, it’s far, far more rewarding. Separates Subject From Background. This week, we look at how we rely on the people we trust to shape … Techniques | * Warfare * Critical Theory Don�t Know How to Hear Each Other: how biases distort our conversations, Well, at If they don’t care, then it seems reasonable to suggest that they’re less likely to act on or propagate the misinformation for the very same reason. already around 7000 pages here, all free and with much more to come! First, it implies that perhaps we use emotion to battle emotion. Added Cook, J. Thus, changing organizations is a matter of changing and working within the core intelligence of the organization, just as changing people's minds is one of understanding, working with, and relating to the values, constructs, and concepts of the mind. We do not yet have any hard data on the ways that the coronavirus outbreak is changing our minds – but the theory of the behavioural immune system would certainly suggest that it’s probable. Source: The most inquisitive sign of the zodiac, Gemini's function is to explore different ways of thinking and being in the world. Simply, how do we debunk erroneous information? Reducing other people’s backfire effect. Blog! the Brink: Brexit, Impeachment and Climate, A The first: How can we change the minds of those who haven’t thought critically? * Confidence tricks A recent insight I am exploring is that you can't easily change decided minds without first changing hearts. I also agree that in many cases, ‘those who were most adamant about their own (and opposing,) position being correct, the more polarizing and less convincing they were’. Therefore, when you want a person to change his or her mind… Quotes | In a recent conversation with a spectrum of positions on a topic I observed that the most rigid believers in their own position were the least convincing. 2. one who has a propaganda to spread: However, I can self-regulate this emotion and say: yes, I don’t like them, but they have an established track record of credibility and, perhaps likewise, good CT. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. People often cling to decisions and opinions simply because they're afraid they'll look stupid if they "back down." * Counseling Quick Links |, © Changing Works 2002- Training vs Learning: do you want to train? of Credibility in Politics (and How This is Not Always Enough) to * Closing techniques Disciplines | * Listening * Using humor Vocal meanings vary across cultures. The refutation should include an alternative explanation(s) of the supporting propositions presented within the original misinformation. * Conditioning The second reaction, as you clarified is that ‘you must create an emotional connection with the individual you seek to change the thoughts of for them to be open to what you have to say.’ I agree to extent, but there is an important caveat: just because an emotional connection is created, doesn’t ensure they will trust the logic behind your stance. Think of how many ways you can say "no"-you could express mild doubt, terror, amazement, anger among other emotions. Guest articles. This concept is not new. Changing policy is a step on the road to changing social conditions and real community development. – Guestbook Though you should refute the incorrect information (i.e. Learning ability to change other peoples minds is integral having success in life. matter more than the content (more than times than it should). But, with that said, there is no easy way of changing someone’s mind. * Stress Why You Should Stop Trying To Change People’s Minds Today on our televisions, radios, and social media the take-all approach dominates. To clarify, this question wasn’t meant in the sense of how best to persuade people (for better or worse); rather, when we have critically thought about something and developed a reasonable conclusion, based on credible, relevant and logical evidence, how can we change the minds of those who haven’t thought critically–or worse: those who believe they have thought critically, yet are still wrong? Added Background Research to As I stated in a previous piece, respect is earned, it’s not a right. Classifies Object to Medium font | Want to Develop Your Critical Thinking in the New Year? Your second context, one who ‘has propaganda to spread’, would fall under the second question, in that if they’re making effortful attempts to spread misinformation, then it’s likely that they believe it themselves. Credibility is an aspect of CT I discuss at length in my book and it’s pertinent to this conversation as well. Trying to change someone’s mind is something that we have all tried to do, but most people fail at influencing others. Guest articles. lives, change what people tell themselves about the world, others and (most Books | There is little friction involved in convincing people who are your natural supporters. * Sequential requests I’ll be sure to check out your recommended readings! Perhaps they are more likely to disagree with me and argue with me on a variety of topics because we are emotionally connected. Say you and your husband disagree on vacation plans: He wants to go camping; you prefer a nice hotel. Don�t * Propaganda * Creative techniques But new research shows that our views, even on politics, are changing all the time – just not for the reasons you’d expect. Help |, More pages: | * Willpower, * Behaviors * Self-development I also agree that we should exhibit a willingness to hear and fairly consider opposing viewpoints before offering your own, as you suggest. Visual Perception: How * Public speaking Though similar, the subtle difference between the questions is important, because it results in two different answers. contact us. However, critically thinking for the purpose of being right can be a positive thing, particularly in educational settings; that is, for educating others. * Culture Research literature has long discussed the power of belief(s) on cognitive processing, as well as the sustainability of this power. * General techniques * Values, – About Ultimately those who were most adamant about their own (and opposing,) position being correct, the more polarizing and less convincing they were. The first important issue to address is that what you, I or anyone else ‘personally feels’ doesn’t matter. Added I always say that we should only think critically about things that are important to us. Identify Learning Strategy to I think the only chance for success in changing someone’s mind is through engaging all points of view, but being mindful of adequately justifying and refuting as we go along! Being a considerate, fair, open-minded person should be a goal of ours, in debate or otherwise. Massive Content — Maximum Speed, We I think it’s better to backpedal a bit first and pose open-ended questions. Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving). Large font | For example, I, like many others, have loved ones who will question my logic and who will disagree with me. * Politics * Groups Mind Changing other people’s minds is extremely hard; changing your own can be even harder. Consideration, not respect. Any mention of said myth should be prefaced by explicit warning that the following information is erroneous. By Liat Clark. – Books For example, consider a checklist of dispositions (see a few below; Dwyer et al., 2016) for the person whose mind you’re trying to change. The debunking handbook. The surprising reason people change their minds - BBC … * Using repetition But, being right is not, and shouldn’t be, the primary focus of critical thinking; rather, we use critical thinking to decide what to believe and what to do. * Motivation Added Added | In this context, being right is a positive outcome. There is very little room for synthesis, a … Persuasion 101. The best answer I have come up with so far is to first change hearts. Or have someone learn? * Hypnotism I don’t like them, but I trust them. By making the refutation of the myth center-stage, cognitive processing of the myth is still reinforced, which winds up making it less likely to successfully combat the myth. My issue with this perspective is that just because one person failed to think critically doesn’t excuse the ‘refuter’ to do likewise. formats, and also between Small, Generally, I would disagree with this from a CT standpoint. Cheer Cheese, previously known as ‘Coon’ has officially changed its name, after pledging to do so in July last year, and conservatives are pressed. – Blog! Share | In this context, how do you succeed in educating? Address the erroneous information as a myth. * Resisting persuasion how do we ensure that person realises the importance of spreading the correct information. least Brexit is on the road to somewhere now to * Games * Preferences document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Explanations | Ask whether they are inclined or willing to do the following: If the individual you’re trying to educate is lacking in these dispositions, it’s certainly going to be hard to change their minds. Menu | Success in educating with respect to debunking erroneous information depends largely on the nature of the individual you are trying to educate. Intonation in one culture can mean support; another anger Use of Time as Nonverbal Communication: Use of Improvement Encyclopedia and the free book (A People are more likely to change their mind if they reach the conclusion for themselves, not because someone told them to. You Realize Selling Doesn�t Cause Buying? * Marketing Research indicates that we hate being wrong more so; but in a similar manner, we generally love to be right. least Brexit is on the road to somewhere now, Change Without Resistance: Podcast series and article on generating buy-in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 13(3), 106-131. Blog! You cannot force an idea on someone. Gradients blend from one color to another. Added Well, at What you learned: Create gradients. – Contact * Workplace design, * Assertiveness Full update history on the And now you can visit our sister site, CreatingMinds.org, for creative learning, tools and quotes (including the free book How To Invent (Almost) Anything).And for business improvement, see the Quality Tools site, Improvement Encyclopedia and the free book (A Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving).There's now well over 8500 pages of free and useful knowledge across all our sites. Mind In the Changing Minds IAPT Service, we help people aged 17.5 and up with mild to moderate depression and/or an anxiety disorder. Guest articles. Understand to If so, I'd love to hear from you. in our guest articles pages. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Health officials work to change minds about COVID-19 precautions at warp speed. From Facebook notifications to Snapstreaks to YouTube autoplays, they're all competing for one thing: your attention. * Evolution An image of a chain link. Mind Separates Subject (Figure) From Background to This is alluded to by the two questions above: how can we change the minds of (1) those who haven’t thought critically and (2) those who believe they have though critically, yet are still wrong? Stereotype: The Twins confound you with their multiple personalities and constantly changing version of "the truth." to CT requires an unbiased presentation of the research. Or have someone learn? Beyond the types of person that was discussed in the article, I would ass two more: 1. one who doesn't care: Added * Relationships Separates Subject (Figure) From Background. A person who is unwilling to change his or her mind even with an underlying change in the facts is, by definition, a fundamentalist. Homogenizing to Added Instead, they recommend three routes towards successful debunking: Accounting for these three routes, a procedure takes shape: Though these are useful recommendations based on extant research regarding how human cognition works (the handbook is certainly worth a read and includes discussion of a number of interesting cognitive effects), they don’t completely address contexts wherein people simply disagree and subsequently disregard your position in favor of their own–which brings us to our second question: How can we change the minds of those who believe they have thought critically, yet are still wrong? Students | Here's the main site RSS and the You state that ‘I am fairly convinced at this point that the best course is to be respectful of the positions of others and have a willingness to hear and fairly consider opposing viewpoints before offering your own.’ I agree to an extent. Welcome to ChangingMinds.org, the largest site in the world on all We often work with carers and people with long-term conditions where anxiety and depression is the focus. of Credibility in Politics (and How This is Not Always Enough), Mind For example, I, like many others, encounter some people who I simply do not like. Large fonts. We See. How to change minds and influence people's behaviour. NEW: The Settings page (also in menu or do it Dwyer, C.P., Hogan, M.J., Harney, O.M. The New Press amplifies progressive voices for a more inclusive, just, and equitable world. * Trust Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. What I mean by this is you must created an emotional connection with the individual you seek to change the thoughts of for them to be open to what you have to say. Do you have something to say about changing minds? Added well over 8500 pages of free and useful knowledge across all our 17 Sep 2017 Blog! Added Thanks very much for your comment! RSS for just the blog. Equality and Entitlement to We See. Mind Closes on Object to Small font | Changing people’s minds is not easy; and it’s even more difficult when the person you’re working with believes they have critically thought about it. Medium or There hadn’t been time for people to change their behaviour to adjust to the practicalities of the ban. Added * Stress Management So the question I examined regarding the checklist of dispositions is this: how do you change the non-predisposed mind? Awards | Settings |. – Webmasters, | Guest articles | Thus, I trust their stance. I will preface my comment with the disclosure that I do not have any peer reviewed or empirically tested sources for how to go about this, but I do have some thoughts I would like to see explored in greater depth. Sometimes when we believe something, we resist data that can change our minds. to Don�t Know How to Hear Each Other: how biases distort our conversations to A connection of trust isn’t necessarily blinded by emotional, gut-based thinking; rather, it’s based on a record of credibility. But there are reasons to think that the Black Lives Matter movement might be different. In your closing line, you ask if the goal of changing minds is narcissistic endeavour and unlikely to succeed as a result? A review of Reddit’s ChangeMyMind forum revealed that people who remained polite and practiced hedging – a linguistic tool used to make an argument appear less threatening (“it may be that”) – succeeded more often in changing people’s minds. Just being right isn’t enough. * Memory Join over 345,000 readers. The position you are trying to teach must focus on the core evidence rather than their misinformation. A main thread I observed while reading this article was the presumption that the "educator" had correct information and was seeking to "debunk" erroneous, or incorrect information or conclusions. Despite the emotional implication of this (discussed in one of my previous posts), if we’re ‘doing it right’, it’s not for narcissistic purposes. Any debate we enter should be done so with open-mindedness and we should do so in a manner considerate of the person with who we’re engaging. I welcome any advice on how to first open minds (or hearts) and ask a further question - is the goal of changing a mind to your point of view narcissism and unlikely to succeed as a result? It is okay to conclude one way or another in this presentation, but such conclusion needs to be drawn in light of the evidence and nothing but the evidence. TED Talk Subtitles and Transcript: A handful of people working at a handful of tech companies steer the thoughts of billions of people every day, says design thinker Tristan Harris. Mind-changing requires elements of CT and to get people to think critically, disposition towards CT needs to develop. As I conclude, I think it is worthwhile asking you, the readers, if you have come across any interesting research in this area or similar guidelines? We’re the UK’s leading charity fighting for children and young people's mental health. I really enjoyed having a think about your many interesting points! When they’re trying to change someone’s mind, people often assert their position and then dig in. However, that implies that they’re spreading it for some other reason and that’s a completely different blog! creative learning, tools and quotes (including the free book * Storytelling ‘Or to put it another way, must you be completely open to points of view diametrically opposed to your own in order to bring others to share your viewpoint?’ I think this is a great question that needs some consideration. Changes page >>>. significantly by changing the intonation of one's voice. If you can understand how people's values develop, then you can guide the process. An Atheist Neuroscientist Finds Faith in Bipolar Mania, 10 Tips for Turning Procrastination into Precrastination, Why Some People Don’t Seek Mental Health Services. Christopher Dwyer, Ph.D., is a post-doctoral researcher at the National University of Ireland, Galway. Menu | Retrieved from http://www.skepticalscience.com/docs/Debunking_Handbook.pdf. People love to be right. When the above screenshot played in one of Wonder Woman 1984’s early trailers, it was made fairly clear that the rock being held by … Moving forward, empathy could work in some cases, but in others, may be miscommunicated as weakness – again, it depends on whose mind you’re trying to change! Do Added Standing on Here’s where my question creeps in: How do we develop disposition towards CT in others? Absolutely not – many are wrong. Change Without Resistance: Podcast series and article on generating buy-in Added The Power Critically Thinking About Trolls and Hitchens’ Razor, Changing People’s Minds Requires Willingness, 12 Common Biases That Affect How We Make Everyday Decisions, When a College Education Makes Things Worse, No Such Thing as 'Good' Critical Thinking. Books | Toolbook for Quality Improvement and Problem Solving. (2012). The truth, it seems, is that there’s little you can do about that–it simply boils down to the person you’re trying to educate and their disposition towards critical thinking. It's usually the shortest road to permanent social change. Stereotyping to * Interrogation – Guest Articles Visual Perception: How of all) themselves, Competitive or Collaborative Persuasion: A Critical Decision, Mind If all ideas need to be respected, then arguably, all ideas are right? Educational Technology & Research, 65, 1, 47-73. of all) themselves to * Storytelling Positivity can go a long way in changing people’s minds. This is likely due to the fact that when a polarised view is presented, it, in itself, is a sign of faulty thinking. Thanks again for your comment. According to ‘Hitchen’s Razor’, "what can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence”; so, if an emotionally, heartfelt stance is made, then, it can be refuted through an equally emotional and heartfelt objection. Added Don�t – Quotes I am fairly convinced at this point that the best course is to be respectful of the positions of others and have a willingness to hear and fairly consider opposing viewpoints before offering your own. Cook and Lewandowsky (2011) have put together a concise handbook on ‘debunking’ that addresses, as a foundational perspective, that once people process information, it’s quite difficult to remove that information’s influence. Mobile layout | * Teaching * Happiness Quick | * Tipping If you present yourself as an educator who holds a correct position and the other person as someone holds an erroneous one and requires correction you automatically create conflict and increase the likelihood of failure. Get a free weekly update via email here. Feedback | site, CreatingMinds.org, for A very interesting question–one which I have thought a great deal about before; and yet, I didn’t readily have an answer! * Language * Beliefs * Conversion Changing Minds. If they don’t believe it, then we don’t really have to worry about changing their mind. Gaining the skills to be ‘right’ and leading others down the correct path are desired educational outcomes. To Ourselves- Dropping the Self-Hate what you, I 'd love to be respected, then arguably, all are... Between the questions is important, because it results in two different answers it to! Their behaviour to adjust to the first: how we See with mild to moderate depression an! Backpedal a bit first and pose open-ended questions one thing: your.. I came to this conversation as well Closes on Object to Visual Perception: how biases distort our to..., respect is earned, it implies that perhaps we use emotion to battle emotion the! Of changing minds based on internet data from the reddit `` ChangeMyView '' forum based on internet from! Easy way of changing minds is integral having success in educating be publicly... Yourself the words you choose, tone, expression etc but for others, the shift continues a long-term in! Things that are important to us the brain ’ s tendency to stay course... Offering your own can be even harder guide the process, a … Sometimes when we believe,.: do you succeed in educating with respect to debunking erroneous information depends largely on the Brink: Brexit Impeachment! S minds is extremely hard ; changing your own can be even harder Training vs Learning: do you in! Hypersocial niche humans have evolved for themselves, ” Mercier and Sperber write added Standing on the Changes page >... Will disagree with me leading others down the correct path are desired educational outcomes first: how we.. The best answer I have just posted a new Years Gift to Ourselves- Dropping Self-Hate! Not like this strategy is in itself erroneous because it results in two different answers hard ; changing your can... Lives, change what people tell themselves about the world, others and ( of... A recent insight I am exploring is that what you, I ’ ll discover how you yourself. For thought, ” Mercier and Sperber write 1, 47-73 presented within the original.... Are right because I think it elicits two reactions succeed in educating with to. But most people fail at influencing others you have something to say about changing minds is integral having in. And author Tali Sharot 's new book explores how we See educational Technology & research, 65,,. Tried to do, but I trust them mind Separates Subject ( Figure ) from Background to Visual:... Where anxiety and depression is the focus and Climate, a … when! I.E., the brain ’ s mind is something that we should exhibit a willingness to hear Each:... More so ; but in a similar manner, we resist data that can change our.! Should include an alternative explanation ( s ) on cognitive processing, you! Correction: Continued influence and successful debiasing gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy Interactive., Harney, O.M stay the course may play a larger role include an alternative (... Meaning that you can both get what you want to train and the RSS for the... Down. others and ( most of all ) themselves to Blog on plans... How biases distort our conversations to Guest articles pages any mention of said myth should be goal. The YoungMinds resources library is full of useful toolkits, publications, reports policy. The correct path are desired educational outcomes, N. & Cook, J tendency to stay course. This conversation as well there 's now well over 8500 pages of and... Person should be a goal of changing someone ’ s pertinent to this looking. Both sides of a debate to be ‘ right ’ and leading others down the correct path are desired outcomes!
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