So, she's got a long life ahead of her, hopefully, and I'm not sure if I should send her to a financial advisor or an accountant or both. That doesn't mean you can't do it. Great post! I have some questions about the employer sponsored retirement plans at my institution. Is there any way to rescind or recharacterize the contributions that I made to the 457(b) and instead pay taxes on them now and move them to the DCP plan so that I can convert them to Roth? You want to be able to diversify the investment. And so, we did. I occasionally get into situations that family members are videotaping me with their cell phones and without my consent. You remember you're supposed to then convert it to a Roth IRA. Your investment plan, this written investment plan that I hope you all have, is a living, breathing document. And so, whatever the plan's going to let you do and work with in their accounting. Not a big deal. The book summarizes the most important information on the blog and contains material not found on the site at all. Backdoor Roth - logistics Hello, I am a third year resident completely new to investing and interested in starting to do backdoor IRAs for me and my husband after maxing out our respective 401k/403b. The idea is that those lines should be zero or something very close to them, not something like $6,000. But Michigan doesn't have an inheritance or an estate tax according to Google. Now, sometimes they get lucky and they come out ahead because of it, and that's wonderful, but bear in mind, that's primarily a consumption decision and that's something that comes down to your values. “What? Our most recent one came in from Jrober, who says “Jim Dahle has made me a money genius. Dr. Jim Dahle: Step Three: Move that money from the traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. That is probably the only real general principle we could put out there that applies to all of those situations. Look at all your IRAs, simple IRAs, SEP IRAs, traditional IRAs, and rollover IRAs. This is the one aspect of the SECURE Act that made it a little less painful (IMO), as at least the combined IRAs of both spouses get stretched over the lifetime of the one that lives longest. Not a big deal. What a strange way to spend your time! It shouldn't be an easy process. If you're single, it's half that. I have 32k a year in schedule C 1099 income. I just wish I’d done more Roth conversions when I left or that the Roth TSP had been available back then. This process (after-tax contributions + instant Roth conversion) is known as a Mega-Backdoor Roth IRA. Dr. Jim Dahle: WCI: Unfortunately, it gets a little complicated. That means I can invest it in anything I want (except Fidelity 0% ER index funds apparently). You can spend it on an incredible vacation around the world for three months. Thanks, looking at the bendpoints was educational, I should qualify my comment that it applies to someone with (perhaps substantially) less than 35 years of earnings (my wife will have 20 at best). She wants somebody who gives good advice at a fair price. Now, if you made the mistake of just leaving it all in cash, well, that's unfortunate. If you have some self-employment income, you can open an individual 401(k) and roll the IRA in there. Loans originated by SoFi Lending Corp. CFL 6054612 NMLS# 1121636. I certainly don’t have a compiled list sitting around. Dr. Jim Dahle: The fees were low and their website actually discussed the Mega Backdoor Roth IRA in detail. In order to get this book for your class, your class needs a champion. These include the rent versus buy decision, student loan management during residency, starting to invest during residency, and disability and life insurance. Go through the backdoor. Not sure what else a blog post would say other than give you a list of people you can call to help you with it. We funded it adequately and stayed the course with it. Then, move the money into a Roth IRA using a Roth conversion. If you just want a little bit of advice for a few hours, or you want a plan put together, you can usually get that for a flat rate or an hourly rate. Did you make any changes to your retirement plans in response to the new 199A deduction? Welcome bonus not available to residents of Ohio and cannot be combined with any other offer, bonus, or discount. If you have a 401(k) or 403(b) at work, they almost surely accept IRA rollovers. How much income would I need to make so I could put 26k into it? I don't feel safe. When it comes down to the pro rata rule, that'll be important. And finally, they could not convert a traditional IRA, prepaying the taxes and moving that money into a Roth IRA. Suggestion for future podcast… Roth is great for most military docs. Another great feature of having a 401(k) plan actually designed by someone who knows what the heck they are doing is that this is a self-directed “checkbook” 401(k). My parents even got immunized last week in Alaska. Also, my step-mom inherited his 401(k), IRA, other savings accounts, and she's not sure who to go to for advice. So, on one end of the spectrum, you've got equities, bonds and broadly diversified index funds. She still needs it, even though she inherited the money. Ben: Dr. Jim Dahle: For super saver W2 employees who can’t do the Mega BD rIRA – How exactly does it work if you switch from making tax deferred 401(k) contributions for many years to Roth 401(k) contributions? What would that have changed? Now obviously if somebody is in extremis, I can't abandon them just because I'm being recorded. That's what happens. So, you can take the money out anytime you like, no matter what age you're at and it comes out penalty free. That is all covered in the tutorial. Dr. Jim Dahle: So, there are all kinds of things that you can do with that hundred thousand dollars, it's almost surely tax-free to you. If you want to hedge your bets and put 5% of your portfolio into oil, gold, or Bitcoin, it's not crazy to do. Dr. Jim Dahle: I'm fully immunized, and I'm excited about that. I want it to have a positive return. It's up to the plan administrators. It is important to realize it's not just one thing. Hard to know for sure, but yes, I think the latter. Dr. Jim Dahle: Probably not. Dr. Jim Dahle: It is worth doing for most doctors. But there's lots of other financial advisors out there. That's the longest you can stretch an account. Put it in a traditional IRA. There are a few steps to the backdoor Roth IRA, but before we get into those, let's talk about why we talk about the backdoor Roth IRA around here. It's kind of a good overview for anybody at any stage of their career. That can be a difficult decision. Dr. Jim Dahle: It can be amended. There is a lot of truth to that. All right, let's take our next question. After-tax 401 (k) contributions … Awesome post. Hello, Dr. Dahle. But if you want to put a little bit of your portfolio into it, that's okay. Investing in Taxable Accounts -- What You Need to Know. Hence, this backdoor Roth FAQ. And then we realized the book was way too long. All right, we're going to talk today a little bit about backdoor Roth IRA. You can do one for your spouse as well even if your spouse doesn't have any income, as long as you have enough income to cover your spouse's contribution. The issue, of course, is that the 199A deduction, at least at our income level, is partially based on the salaries our company pays. That's bad. Do not mistake simple index fund portfolios as simplistic. It's a great solution if the tax cost is relatively low. And in the middle, there are some emerging asset classes that perhaps historically didn't exist. WCI, I am interested in the list. Greg. I know you have the option to roll it into your own account. The longer the time frame, the more the investments have the opportunity to grow, making tax-free withdrawals in retirement all the more valuable. Thanks And so, I would recommend checking out our advisors, seeing what a good advisor looks like, what the price structure looks like. One cool thing we're doing with this book is we are literally giving away over a million dollars of it this spring. Dr. Jim Dahle: But it certainly has worked. But it’s her job to fill out the 8606, you just need to check and make sure they did it right. You will notice I am now using my $19K employee contribution at the partnership 401(k) instead of the WCI 401(k). Definitely applicable to me and something else to think about. Dr. Dahle answers questions from medical students on the show today. A white coat investor champion for your class. I happen to be in a position to only utilize this option for 2 years. Keep your head up, your shoulders back. It can be amended. Say someone had $25k/ yr vs the full 55k. Even if you're under that limit and you go through the backdoor, it's no big deal. Let's take a question off the Speak Pipe. The contribution to the traditional IRA and the conversion to the Roth IRA. Is $750 worth it? But most importantly in this section, I free students from the guilt that comes from living on loans. They are people who have their practices, mostly full of people like physicians and dentists, but they give advice to other people as well. January is backdoor Roth IRA season. But more importantly, consider doing it all ($56k) as after-tax for the mega-backdoor roth. A Backdoor Roth IRA is not the same as a Roth 401(k) contribution. If you have no barriers like a large IRA balance that can't be easily moved, I highly encourage you to contribute annually to a Roth IRA via the backdoor. Trying to figure out the numbers for when this makes a good $$$ decision and worth the hassle. Warning: We're getting into the weeds today. Plus, they just lowered rates for physicians and dentists still in residency. Although you don’t have all the specifics, how would you typically advise someone who likely falls into the “super saver” category but won’t get the 199a deduction due to income. They're actually quite sophisticated, standing on the shoulders of decades of peer reviewed market research, a few Nobel prizes, and cold hard undeniable evidence of success”. So, what criteria should you use there? ASSESSMENT: Job stability Investment horizon Risk tolerance Target emergency reserves Debt RISK MANAGEMENT TOOLS: Disability Insurance Buy in residency Future purchase option rider Own occupation Buy with post-tax dollars Health Insurance (see HSA below) Life Insurance (married or … Dr. Jim Dahle: As part of the transaction WCI will provide the licensing, legal and regulatory framework, as well as day-to-day in-country staffing. Terms and conditions apply. The other options, if you have some self-employment income, you can open an individual 401(k) and roll the IRA in there. All right, let's take the next question of the Speak Pipe. For example, in ours, we said, we're not going to make any changes until after a three-month waiting period. But this is the sort of thing if you do it really quickly, a lot of times they will let you adjust that stuff. Of course, you don't come out ahead financially doing that. If you forget to do the conversion, you might end up with some huge gain. Required fields are marked *. If she does not feel comfortable putting together a written plan, which it sounds like she doesn't, and isn't really interested in being a hobbyist and learning to do this step herself, then yes, she needs a good financial advisor. I’m assuming this wouldn’t affect or be an option for those of us who can’t have more than one 401k currently due to a “controlled group” situation. Whitecoat does an incredible job helping people achieve financial success, but you never see a hearse pulling a UHaul! All conference attendees and first-year medical school champions will be receiving t-shirts in the mail. Thanks. Again, it's personal and finance. Awesome post! In the end we did pay her the max 401K/Roth IRA contribution salary (now $39K), since we are super savers. There were a lot of things that were not available, didn't exist in 2004, 2005. Think about it. So, you can't put it into your retirement accounts, but you can live off of it and put the money you're earning into your retirement account since money is fungible. This is the flip-side of the 80% deduction phenomenon I previously blogged about here. how are you contributing: $19K tax-deferred employee contribution into my partnership 401(k)/PSP (New plan this year allows employee contributions) Of course, Roth money, whether it's a Roth 401(k), Roth IRA, there's no taxes due when that comes out of the account. Overall, the total salary paid by the company will be similar so the 199A deduction will be similar. The second book came out in 2018. Then you invest the money into your preferred investment, whatever it is. Many of us need to contribute to the Roth IRA through the backdoor, which can be confusing. No, you can definitely do both of those. My CPA told me the general rule of thumb is that anything over $18K annual salary has no significant benefit in retirement income. You get into a pandemic. Dr. Jim Dahle: California, well, at least their wiretapping law is a two-party consent. iQ401k offers a robust “open architecture” retirement plan services platform that is ideal for small to mid-size medical practices, such as dental groups, radiology groups, anesthesiology groups, etc. You can just roll the money in there. Below is a series of tasks to complete that will set you on a course for Financial Independence. And then of course, this book published in 2021, The White Coat Investor’s Guide for Students it's aimed at students, but honestly the financial literacy section probably makes it worth buying for anybody. This is the White Coat Investor podcast where we help those who wear the white coat get a fair shake on Wall Street. And so that's wonderful, but bear in mind, that's primarily a consumption decision and that's something that comes down to your values. In the past at least or over any reasonably long period of time, a portfolio that's a hundred percent stocks has outperformed portfolio with any percentage of bonds in it. Okay. He will cover how to get on the same page financially with your partner. Now the situation is reversed. I have a question about when to add new asset classes to your investment plan. Definitely applicable to me and something else to think about. iQ401k offers a robust “open architecture” retirement plan services platform that is ideal for small to mid-size medical practices, such as dental groups, radiology groups, anesthesiology groups, etc. In recent times I’ve seen a lot of financial independent blogs and websites become more jaded and miserly (not sure how else to put it). Does it complicate this that my backdoor Roth IRA conversion included $5k from 2012 and $5.5k from 2013 (so it was a $10.5k backdoor 2013 Roth conversion)…of course both of those original Traditional IRA contributions were nondeductible. If it's a year like 2019 or 2020 now all of a sudden, you're paying taxes on an extra 30% earnings in that account that maybe you didn't have to. However, I am interested if this is a viable “work around”? But I would encourage you to give it a waiting period and make sure that you can invest in it in a diversified, relatively low-cost way, in a reasonably liquid way, in order to do those sorts of investments. So, there are all kinds of things that you can do with that hundred thousand dollars. We're talking about real estate, we're talking about stocks, we're talking about small business, that sort of stuff. For example, Katie and I put our written investment plan together in 2004, 2005, right? Dr. Jim Dahle: Cost of ownership between a Tesla and a gas car. And right now, they have the lowest starting fixed interest rates they've had in years, which could help you save thousands of dollars on your student loans. Great article. But if you're over it, you have to go through the backdoor. If you're confused about it, read the comments and questions below those posts and they will walk you through it. Dr. Jim Dahle: So are we just going to invest in taxable? Thanks for the post. Dr. Jim Dahle: Dr. Jim Dahle: It's a great opportunity to really get the WCI message out there and get this information to students when it can be most useful to them. We talk about avoiding financial catastrophes. Now this varies by state like so many laws, it's different in different states and you really need to know if you're in one party or a two-party consent state. Step 4 above was to invest the money in the Roth IRA. Money frees you from doing things you dislike. By going to after-tax contributions for Katie, Katie no longer needs to make as much money as she used to in order to max out the 401(k). But wait, there's more. These contributions can be immediately converted to a Roth account. Step five is where a lot of people get some screw ups. So basically a hundred thousand dollars for most people comes to you totally tax-free. Lots of people are super interested in buying a home either when they get into residency or right when they come out of residency. So, if you have nothing in there at the end of the year, when you do the conversion, then there's nothing to be prorated. Ideally, everything is completely uncorrelated, but that's not always the case. Once I got our 401(k) money over to Fidelity, I was disappointed to discover that I couldn't buy the 0% ER Index Funds after all. Rearranging our financial lives in order to maximize it is well worth our time and effort. It's technically not earned income. Don't do anything with it inside that traditional IRA. Dr. Jim Dahle: 1099 is urgent care shifts/IC so should be eligible. So, this podcast is for your entertainment and information only and should not be considered official personalized financial advice. No, you could put $56K into your i401(k) if you had enough income in the business t o justify it. At the end of each chapter, it gives you an assignment. The problem is what happens is a behavioral problem. I started contributing to my back door Roth in 2019 by following your very helpful step by step directions. And we talk about a couple of things. And then as these new asset classes come into being, you got to look at each one and say, “Does that have a place in my portfolio?” And really watch yourself because what often happens is people get this fear of missing out and they start performance chasing. Probably not. An inherited IRA can only be stretched for 10 years. You should not do that. And this is the part that would probably be interesting for everybody, whether you are a student or not. I think you should read Mike Piper’s book on Social Security or at least Google “Social Security Break Points”. But unfortunately, people screw it up all the time. You do the conversion late and you pay the taxes. It's about four hours of reading and it takes you through a broad overview of physician financial issues, as well as it kind of talks about our personal story, how Katie and I became millionaires just seven years out of residency, despite only having an average income over those seven years of $180,000 a year. All I can say is you're going to be so rich. I’ve read/heard of a number of places to open a Roth but wanted to see if anyone had recommendations based on experience. It takes you step-by-step. Now these are definitely people that geared toward high earners. And there are other good options, e.g., a one year grandchild gets a 27 year stretch….as above. And that's mostly due to the assistance of my staff that helped with that. It was such a good experience I thought they would make a great new affiliate partner for The White Coat Investor. In the ER people want to record stuff all the time. Required fields are marked *. For example, let's talk about buying versus renting. iQ401k is a White Coat Investor recommended retirement plan services provider. Not sure how much traditional vs Roth I should do… I am going to start doing this on my new side business instead of investing in my taxable brokerage account (which I do after maxing all traditional retirement space). They're essentially choosing to consume a little bit more housing than they otherwise might need to, and thus choose to buy rather than rent. And honestly, from what you're telling me, you're going to be a super saver. Well, $56K plus enough to cover her payroll taxes. Well, when you convert it, you should still convert everything in that account. You lose a third of your money. It's almost surely tax-free to you. You might have a really enjoyable ride, but you don't come out ahead financially making decisions like that. You can do a backdoor Roth (regardless of income) but you need to be careful about the “Pro-Rata” rule. And so, if you look into the table of contents, which you can see online on the Amazon site, you'll see that the whole first section is called The Financially Savvy Student. Lots of options, lots of resources there on the website to help you do your backdoor Roth IRA. If you want to do a Mega Backdoor Roth IRA in your i401(k), you're going to need a customized plan. Is this viable/legal as long as I am not part of a controlled group? Anyone else want to check my math? Well, asset classes you want to add to your portfolio generally should have some sort of positive real return, right? For example – early 30s and just starting life as an attending, positive net worth, ~550k annual 1099 money as IC (so no chance of getting a 199a deduction), and i401k currently with Vanguard. Without that, it looks like I owe taxes on the money converted to my Roth, so now I have to file an amended return for 2019. Use a “Backdoor Roth IRA” and “Stealth IRA” to boost your retirement funds and decrease your taxes Protect your hard-won assets from professional and personal lawsuits Avoid estate taxes, avoid probate, and ensure your children and your money go where you want when you die Then the next day, move that money from the traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. After shopping around a bit, I settled on mysolo401k.net. Not only was it quite likely that we were better off with Roth contributions, but now we weren't even getting a 37% deduction on our solo 401(k) employer contributions since they are subtracted from the Ordinary Business Income on which the 199A deduction is calculated. Will all brokerages track the dollars separately to ensure no double tax on your Roth contributions? However, if you lose money in the account, it really makes your tax paperwork complicated because now you've got more basis than you actually had a conversion. That 401(k) can likely be rolled over into an inherited IRA. So maybe you can take advantage of that to address your situation. Dr. Jim Dahle: This is true even though Seth is in the 22 percent marginal tax bracket). How are you able to do Mega Backdoor Roth? If so, that's a good thing. It's going to take a few weeks. Are there some general principles on how we begin to approach problems of this nature? For years we've had the WCI 401(k) at Vanguard. Dr. Jim Dahle: https://www.whitecoatinvestor.com/multiple-401k-rules/. After-tax 401(k) contributions allow you to max out your 401(k) on much less income. These eligible designated beneficiaries may take their distributions over the beneficiary’s life expectancy. Because it would have made more sense to load up the Roth space (as opposed to taking deduction at that time). The math would demonstrate that most of the time, you probably shouldn't be buying a home in those circumstances. And it was just out of a savings account. Now, the bigger the system, the less likely they are to be flexible. You couldn't do any of that stuff before 2010. But after 10 years, it has to come out of the account. She still needs it, even though she inherited the money. And the math would agree with you that if you take on a reasonable amount of extra risk maybe, you're likely to beat that return. Good stuff, but how do you get around the ‘overall’ contribution limit?, e.g. Therefore, you shouldn’t ask your IRA custodian or trustee for a backdoor Roth … However, some people are willing to pay a little bit of extra money for the feeling of owning their own house for the ability to paint their walls, without having to talk to the landlord, to redo the landscaping, that sort of stuff is worth a certain amount of money to them. He’s not a licensed accountant, attorney or financial advisor. If you screwed that up and put it into a traditional IRA and invested in something else and left it there for months or even left it there for just a few days and made money. 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