“But that isn’t the whole truth.” , With few natural resources and inadequate sustainable investment from the Portuguese, the citizens grew increasingly discontented with the colonial masters, who nevertheless refused to provide the local authorities with more autonomy. Its population of around 550,000 (as of mid 2019[update]) is mostly of mixed African and European heritage, and predominantly Roman Catholic, reflecting the legacy of Portuguese rule. The ten volcanic islands in its archipelago have a combined land area of about 4,033 square kilometres (1,557 sq mi). Cape Verde lies in the Cape Verde Islands dry forests ecoregion. Two others were non-operational, one on Brava and the other on Santo Antão, closed for safety reasons. The five largest Atlantic tropical cyclones on record have been Cape Verde-type hurricanes. , Around 95% of the population are Christian. There are four international ports: Mindelo, São Vicente; Praia, Santiago; Palmeira, Sal; and Sal Rei, Boa Vista. In 2003, Cape Verde had 71,700 main line telephones with an additional 53,300 cellular phones in use throughout the country. Most people of Cape Verde are Creole, or of mixed white and black descent.  The Rise is one of the largest protuberances in the world's oceans, rising 2.2 kilometres (1.4 miles) in a semi-circular region of 1200 km2, associated with a rise of the geoid.. The genetic mixture resulting from centuries of migration can still be clearly seen in the appearance of some individuals: It is not unusual to encounter dark-skinned people with blond hair and blue eyes or children with fair skin and jet black hair. Strong economic performance was bolstered by one of the fastest growing tourism industries in the world, as well as by substantial capital inflows that allowed Cape Verde to build up national currency reserves to the current 3.5 months of imports. In 2013 then United States President Barack Obama said Cape Verde is "a real success story. On 23 June 2008 Cape Verde became the 153rd member of the WTO. Three parties now hold seats in the National Assembly — MPD (36), PAICV (25) and the Cape Verdean Independent Democratic Union (UCID) (3). The Largest Collections Of cabo-verde Baby Names - Angelsname These are referred to as Cape Verde-type hurricanes. Some people have advocated the development of two standards: a North (Barlavento) standard, centered on the São Vicente Creole, and a South (Sotavento) standard, centered on the Santiago Creole. Fortunate Isles: A Study in African Transformation , 1989. Ship repair facilities at Mindelo were opened in 1983. Cape Verde's population is among the healthiest in Africa. See more ideas about cape verde, cape verde islands, cape verdean. Learn more about the country of Cabo Verde (for many years more commonly known by the English version of its name, Cape Verde) here.  They were discovered by Genoese and Portuguese navigators around 1456. Northeastern slopes of high mountains often receive a lot of rain while southwest slopes do not. "Being a Cape Verdean is very, very complex," said Deonilda Rosa, an American-born Cape Verdean who works in the New Bedford office of Rep. Gerry E. Studds (D-Mass.) People information about Cape Verde. A sizeable diaspora community exists across the world, considerably outnumbering inhabitants on the islands. There is a substantial body of literature in Creole, especially in the Santiago Creole and the São Vicente Creole. People of the Cape Verde Islands: Exploitation and Emigration. Sal's total of (145 mm (5.7 in)) confirms this classification. Over the years, Cape Verde has increasingly become a net immigration country due to its relative high per capita income, political and social stability, and freedom. , In early January 2018, the government announced that the minimum wage would be raised to 13,000 CVE (US$140 or EUR 130) per month, from 11,000 CVE, which was effective in mid-January 2018. Cape Verdean Beautiful People Today at 2:42 PM Thank you so much to Erik @e-cards so2 and Jordan @jordanc81500 for ... donating bags of clothes and shoes to the Andrade Family God Bless you both Erik and Jordan for your generosity and for helping this family in their time of need! In some islands, as Santiago, the wetter climate of the interior and the eastern coast contrasts with the dryer one in the south/southwest coast. These hurricanes can become very intense as they cross warm Atlantic waters away from Cape Verde. See more ideas about cape verde, cape, cape verdean. Premium channels includes the Cape Verdean versions of Boom TV and Zap Cabo Verde, two channels owned by Brazil's Record. Cape Verdean Creole is used colloquially and is the mother tongue of virtually all Cape Verdeans. , The country's future economic prospects depend heavily on the maintenance of aid flows, the encouragement of tourism, remittances, outsourcing labour to neighbouring African countries, and the momentum of the government's development programme. . But you know what, almost every time we can understand each other using sign language, combining words or just pointing out the things we mean! Examples of this are singers Sara Tavares, Lura and Mayra Andrade. Textbooks have been made available to 90 percent of school children, and 98 percent of the teachers have attended in-service teacher training. Separate courts hear civil, constitutional, and criminal cases. , In the 16th century, the archipelago prospered from the Atlantic slave trade. The colonial government had repeatedly attempted to prevent the formation of a mixed population in the past. Three of the five researchers working in natural sciences were women, as were three of the six social scientists and two of the five researchers from the humanities. However, there are no classic polygamous forms of relationships under one roof. 236,000 of these live on the main island of Santiago. Although located in Africa, Cape Verde has always had close relations with Europe. In spite of having few natural resources and being semi-desert, the country boasts the highest living standards in the region, and has attracted thousands of immigrants of different nationalities. , The most recent engagement of the Armed Forces was the Monte Tchota massacre that resulted in 11 deaths.. The most popular music genre after morna is the coladeira, followed by funaná and batuque music. Women and men have always had children from multiple relationships.  Murders are concentrated in the major population centres of Praia and Mindelo.. Since 1991, the government has pursued market-oriented economic policies, including an open welcome to foreign investors and a far-reaching privatization programme. ", "Voodoo Skies - Praia Monthly Temperature weather history", "Praia, Cape Verde Travel Weather Averages", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Turbines arrive for ground breaking wind farm in Africa — InfraCo Limited", "Cape Verde government raises minimum wage to 13,000 escudos", "Governo vai aumentar salário mínimo nacional de 11 para 13 mil escudos", "População cabo-verdiana: "57% dos genes são de origem africana e 43 %, de origem europeia, The Illegible State in Cape Verde: Language Policy and the Quality of Democracy, "Cesaria, the unlikely heroine for the country that treasures her indomitable spirit", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "UN advocate salutes Cape Verde's graduation from category of poorest States", "TV Record Cabo Verde disponível também nos canais a cabo em Cabo Verde", "Cesária Évora, Singer From Cape Verde, Dies at 70 (Published 2011)", "Africa Cup of Nations: Cape Verde and Ethiopia qualify", "Crustal structure and origin of the Cape Verde Rise", "Emigration, Return and Development in Cape Verde: The Impact of Closing Borders", 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199901)55:1<117::AID-JCLP12>3.0.CO;2-A, "Tracers of Uplift and Subsidence in the Cape Verde Archipelago", Official website of the Government of Cape Verde, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Countries with Portuguese as an official language, International organizations with Portuguese as an official languages, Portuguese colonialism in the East Indies, Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cape_Verde&oldid=1001459347, Economic Community of West African States, Portuguese-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1975, Member states of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Member states of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. . The prime minister is nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president. Instead of "Cape Verde," the designation "Republic of Cabo Verde" is to be used. Cape Verde forms part of the Macaronesia ecoregion, along with the Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Savage Isles. The immigrants from the nearby West African coast make up the majority of foreigners in the country. A genetic study revealed that the ancestry of the population in Cape Verde is predominantly European in the male line and West African in the female line; counted together the percentage is 56% African and 44% European. An independence movement led by the African Party for the Independence of Guinea-Bissau (another former Portuguese colony) and Cape Verde (PAIGC) was founded in 1956. In 2001, an Association for the Deaf was established in Cape Verde. Cape Verde's isolation has resulted in the islands having a number of endemic species, particularly birds and reptiles, many of which are endangered by human development. The Cape Verde diet is mostly based on fish and staple foods like corn and rice.  The oldest exposed rocks occurred on Maio and northern peninsula of Santiago and are 128–131 million year old pillow lavas.  Other premium channels are aired in Cape Verde, especially satellite networks common in hotels and villas. Together, they campaigned for the right to contest the presidential election scheduled for December 1990. This visiting relationship is highly accepted. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder.  Its small number of wineries making Portuguese-style wines have traditionally focused on the domestic market, but have recently met with some international acclaim. The president is the head of state and is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term. Cape Verde has the second best educational system in Africa, after South Africa. Since the early 1990s Cape Verde has operated as a stable representative democracy, and remains one of the most developed and democratic countries in Africa. It has an 8 kilometres (5 miles) diameter caldera, whose rim is 1,600 metres (5,249 feet) altitude and an interior cone that rises to 2,829 metres (9,281 feet) above sea level. , Emigrants from the Cape Verde islands to North America have a long history of involvement with the armed forces. On this cape - the westernmost point of continental Africa - lies Dakar, the capital of Senegal. The famous queijo from Santo Antão is the only Cape Verdean product that has won an award at the international event 'Slow Food', back in 2007. Legislative elections in December 1995 increased the MPD majority in the National Assembly. There are significant Cape Verde populations in Portugal (150,000), Angola (45,000), São Tomé and Príncipe (25,000), Senegal (25,000), the Netherlands (20,000, of which 15,000 are concentrated in Rotterdam), Spain (65,500), United Kingdom (35,500), France (25,000), Italy (10,000), Luxembourg and Scandinavia (7,000), and Mexico (5,000). These act as terminals for the inter-island ferry services, which carry both freight and passengers. But that is also the charm of visiting a foreign country, right!? The country has competed at every Summer Olympics since 1996. , Cape Verde is a stable semi-presidential representative democratic republic. According to the house to house census of 2010, there are 4,800 Deaf individuals in Cape Verde.  In the late 1970s and 1980s, most African countries prohibited South African Airways from overflights but Cape Verde allowed them and became a centre of activity for the airline's flights to Europe and the United States. The pier at Santa Maria on Sal used by both fishing and dive boats has been rehabilitated. Cape Verdean literature is one of the richest of Lusophone Africa. , The major ports are Mindelo and Praia, but all other islands have smaller port facilities. The Chinese make up a sizable and important segment of the immigrant population in Cape Verde. Opposition groups came together to form the Movement for Democracy (MPD) in Praia in April 1990.  Approximately 90% of the total population over 15 years of age is literate, and roughly 25% of the population holds a college degree; a significant number of these college graduates hold doctorate degrees in different academic fields. The Cape Verdean society is essentially creole but composite, concludes the minister.  In 2011 Cape Verde ratified the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Cape verdean Last Names [Surnames] , Cape Verdean social and cultural patterns are similar to those of rural Portugal. Expatriate Cape Verdeans contribute an amount estimated at about 20% of GDP to the domestic economy through remittances. Cape Verde's official language is Portuguese. Approved in 2013, the Praia Technology Park is a step in this direction. People also tend to marry late in Cape Verde and spend a relatively long time with their parents, which is certainly also due to difficult economic conditions. " Among other achievements, it has been recognised with the following assessments: The Cape Verde archipelago is in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 570 kilometres (350 mi) off the western coast of the African continent, near Senegal, The Gambia, and Mauritania, and is part of the Macaronesia ecoregion. A man may even live in a união de facto and also be a pai de visita somewhere else.  In 2017 Cape Verde signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.. Over 65% of the population in the archipelago live in urban centers, and the literacy rate is 89% (i.e., 93,3% among men aged 15 and above and 84,7% among women aged 15 and above) according to the 2017 National Statistics Bureau data.  There were Jewish settlements on several islands. The world average was 1,083 per million in 2013.  Since 2007, Cape Verde has a special partnership status with the EU, under the Cotonou Agreement, and might apply for special membership, even because the Cape Verdean escudo, the country's currency, is indexed to the Euro. Another term is creole, meaning those of mixed native-born African and native-born European descent. Before the arrival of Europeans, the Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited. “Sometimes, from a continental African perspective, people think that Cape Verde is too Euro-Atlantic to be Africa; from a European perspective, Cape Verde is too Black-African to be Europe.  Although nearly 35% of the population lives in rural areas, agriculture and fishing contribute only about 9% of GDP. 2010 Census — source: Instituto Nacional de Estatistica. Although the Cape Verdean educational system is similar to the Portuguese system, over the years the local universities have been increasingly adopting the American educational system; for instance, all 10 existing universities in the country offer 4-year bachelor's degree programs as opposed to 5-year bachelor's degree programs that existed before 2010. For other uses, see, "Cabo Verde" redirects here. Find out how surnames are ranked in popularity, how many people in the United States of America bear a particular name, and how the statistics change between 1990 and 2000 US Censuses. The first stage of volcanism in the islands began in the early Miocene, and reached its peak at the end of this period, when the islands reached their maximum sizes. As part of this strategy, Cape Verde is participating in the Ibero-American academic mobility programme that expects to mobilize 200,000 academics between 2015 and 2020. The official language is Portuguese, for a long time the Cape Verdean islands were a Portuguese colony. The Cape Verde archipelago was uninhabited when the Portuguese discovered it in 1456. The Republic of Cape Verde is an archipelago nation of nine main islands. Another great exponent of traditional music from Cape Verde was Antonio Vicente Lopes, better known as Travadinha, and Ildo Lobo, who died in 2004. Ideally located for a role in the Atlantic slave-trade, the islands grew prosperous throughout the 16th and 17th centuries, attracting merchants, privateers, and pirates. In this type of relationship, women who are sometimes still very young or mothers still live with their parents or alone and their partner visits them regularly and even spends the night. , Theft and burglary are common in Cape Verde, especially in crowded environments such as marketplaces, festivals, and celebrations. Useful phrases in Cape Verdean Creole. January 16, 1832 the Beagle arrives at Santiago, Cape Verde Islands, and a young Charles Darwin went ashore exploring its geology. Acts of sabotage eventually grew into a war in Portuguese Guinea that pitted 10,000 Soviet Bloc-supported PAIGC soldiers against 35,000 Portuguese and African troops.. The volcanic and plutonic rocks are distinctly basic; the archipelago is a soda-alkaline petrographic province, with a petrologic succession similar to that found in other Macaronesian islands. Cape Verdean people from across the Islands as well as tourists flock to Santa Maria beach and generally camp out on the beach for the duration of the festival. LOCATION. A budding independence movement — originally led by Amílcar Cabral, assassinated in 1973 — passed on to his half-brother Luís Cabral and culminated in independence for the archipelago in 1975. On 24 October 2013, the country's delegation announced at the United Nations that the official name should no longer be translated into other languages. Cape Verde is a member state of the African Union.  On Santiago, Santo Antão, and São Nicolau, arid slopes give way in places to sugarcane fields or banana plantations spread along the base of towering mountains. In February 2001, the PAICV-supported presidential candidate Pedro Pires defeated former MPD leader Carlos Veiga by only 13 votes. The culture of Cape Verde is characterized by a mixture of European and African elements. Creole has been gaining prestige since the nation's independence from Portugal. Mar 15, 2018 - Happy Beautiful People and it's Culture . Because later people from all over the world settled in Cape Verde, not only Europeans, the population is one of the most unusual ethnic melting pots in the world.  The total expenditure for health was 7.1% of GDP (2015). The national constitution calls for measures to give it parity with Portuguese. Racist discrimination is unknown to the people of Cape Verde. For other uses, see. , Cape Verde's climate is milder than that of the African mainland, because the surrounding sea moderates temperatures on the islands and cold Atlantic currents produce an arid atmosphere around the archipelago. and ed. On 30 June 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on 5 July 1975. Conversely, the islands do not receive the upwellings (cold streams) that affect the West African coast, so the air temperature is cooler than in Senegal, but the sea is warmer, because the orographic relief of some islands, such as Santiago with steep mountains, cover it with rich woods and luxuriant vegetation where the humid air condenses and soak the plants, rocks, soil, logs, moss, etc. Cape Verde's population in the 21st century is mostly creole; the capital city Praia accounts for a quarter of the country's population. From 1455 until its independence in 1975, Cape Verde was a colony of Portugal. Due to its geographical location, Cape Verde is often flown over by transatlantic airliners.  Football games and church activities are typical sources of social interaction and entertainment. Problems have since been resolved and relations between the countries are good. This is the age most people are in the country. Because of this, some scholars argue that Cape Verde may be eligible to join the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and NATO. Tours, Excursions, Sightseeing & Activities, Cape Verde has about 450,000 inhabitants today. The archipelago has 3,050 km (1,895 mi) of roads, of which 1,010 km (628 mi) are paved, most using cobblestone. Lacking natural resources, its developing economy is mostly service-oriented, with a growing focus on tourism and foreign investment. Availability is mostly limited, though. Many women have a relationship with the pai de visita, which means: visiting father. Famous people of Cape Verde. The economy of Cape Verde is service-oriented, with commerce, transport, and public services accounting for more than 70% of GDP. There are smaller harbors, essentially single jetties at Tarrafal on São Nicolau, Sal Rei on Boa Vista, Vila do Maio (Porto Inglês) on Maio, São Filipe on Fogo and Furna on Brava.  The high degree of genetic and ethnic mixture of individuals is a result of centuries of migration. , The judicial system consists of a Supreme Court of Justice — whose members are appointed by the president, the National Assembly, and the Board of the Judiciary — and regional courts. 54% of the adults are single, 24% live in a. Appeal is to the Supreme Court.  Often the perpetrators of these crimes are gangs of street children. The Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Culture plans to strengthen the research and academic sectors by placing emphasis on greater mobility, through exchange programmes and international co-operation agreements. The official name of the archipelago is The Republic of Cabo Verde, most people say Cabo Verde or in English, Cape Verde. , The infant mortality rate among Cape Verdean children between 0 and 5 years old is 15 per 1,000 live births according to the latest (2017) data from the National Statistics Bureau, while the maternal mortality rate is 42 deaths per 100,000 live births. , In 2011, on four islands a wind farm was built that supplies about 30% of the electricity of the country. They also allowed slaves to participate in the masses. Vegetables available during most of the year are potatoes, onions, tomatoes, manioc, cabbage, kale, and dried beans. The average age was 17.7 years in 2000. Some special forms of men and women living together have developed on the islands: The most frequent form is living together under one roof without a marriage certificate in the união de facto, which is equated to marriage by law after three years. Both of these religious groups were victims of the Inquisition. The fact that the people of Cape Verde have become such a mixture of many different ethnic groups can be explained by the history of the country. , As of 2007, the largest Protestant denomination is the Church of the Nazarene; other religious groups include the Seventh-day Adventist Church, the Assemblies of God, the Universal Church of the Kingdom of God and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Financed by the African Development Bank, it is expected to be operational by 2018. © 2010 - 2021 capeverde.com - All rights reserved. by Christopher Fyfe, 1982. Most rainfall precipitation is due to condensation of the ocean mist. Cape Verde, an African island cluster ripe with natural beauty and rife with poverty, shares rich cultural roots with Southeastern Massachusetts. The PAICV and its predecessor established a one-party system and ruled Cape Verde from independence until 1990..  The islands are also an important breeding area for seabirds including the Cape Verde shearwater. They ensured the creation of a Creole culture. Just over 550,000 people who live on the islands call Cape Verde home, as do another million who are abroad. .  There is a small Muslim community. Most Cape Verdeans are therefore mulattos, also called mestiços in Portuguese.  It also participates in most international conferences on economic and political issues. In December 1974, the PAIGC and Portugal signed an agreement providing for a transitional government composed of Portuguese and Cape Verdeans.  Ocean cliffs have been formed by catastrophic debris landslides. Because of the infrequent occurrence of rainfall the landscape is arid. It is also used in newspapers, television, and radio. Cape Verde has bilateral relations with some Lusophone nations and holds membership in a number of international organisations. In 1462, Portuguese settlers arrived at Santiago and founded a settlement they called Ribeira Grande (now called Cidade Velha ("Old City"), to avoid being confused with the town of Ribeira Grande on the Santo Antão island). 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons", "Sprungbrett nach Westafrika - David X. Noack", "Eleven shot dead in Cape Verde, including two Spanish citizens", "Remarks by the President After Meeting with African Leaders", "2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance", "Cape Verde | 2010 Index of Economic Freedom", "World Economic Forum : The Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011", "The Peace Corps Welcomes You to Cape Verde", "A sinking feeling: why is the president of the tiny Pacific island nation of Nauru so concerned about climate change? In towns with electricity, television is available on three channels; one state owned (RTC - TCV) and three foreign owned, RTI Cabo Verde launched by the Portuguese-based RTI in 2005, on 31 March 2007, Record Cabo Verde, its own version was launched by the Brazilian-based Rede Record.  Cape Verdean Creole or Kriolu is a dialect continuum of a Portuguese-based creole. On the one hand, this shows that economic difficulties occur time and again; on the other hand, it is evidence of a strong social structure within the families. The Cape Verde national football team, nicknamed either the Tubarões Azuis (Blue Sharks) or Crioulos (Creoles), is the national team of Cape Verde and is controlled by the Cape Verdean Football Federation. 4 children ; rich families have two and poorer families generally have more children and. 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