Spawning sites are carefully selected for by the male and tend to be in shallow water, less than a meter deep, with a log, branch, rock or other object being used for the eggs to be deposited underneath. This colour morph was discovered in several Arkansas breeding farms in 1985. Online at www.fishbase.org. (Pimephales promelas)., Michigan, USA: University of Michigan, Animal Diversity Web. In Europe, its introduction has resulted in the spread of enteric redmouth disease through the introduction of a bacterial pathogen (Yersinia ruckeri) (Anseeuw et al., 2012). A 20 gallon is more than enough space for these. Select from premium Fathead Minnow of the highest quality. 2008, Ptychocheilus lucius (Colorado pikeminnow), Rana chiricahuensis (Chiricahua leopard frog), http://water.usgs.gov/wrri/96grants/ncr12nd.htm, http://icais.org/pdf/2010abstracts/Gordon%20Copp.pdf, http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/usgsnpwrc/270, http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Pimephales_promelas/, http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/projects/wetland/studies/pwet/discuss.htm, http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/index.htm, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. This colour fish is frequently used in the aquarium trade. Hatching times can vary from 13 days at lower temperatures (15°C) to 4 days at higher temperatures (25°C) (Ross et al., 2001). Similar to bluntnose minnow.  Their tolerance for multiple environmental conditions, characteristics of their life history, and their popularity as bait species contribute to their widespread distribution. , Ostariophysan fishes, which include fathead minnows, possess an alarm substance, or Schreckstoff, in distinctive epidermal club cells. It may compete with other fish for food resources and habitat, especially during the spawning season when males are territorial at nest sites. Although tolerant to a range of conditions, some environmental variables may affect the size of individuals. Dennis O. and Steven Hugg, 1278 Turkey Point Road, Edgewater, Maryland, USA. Though survival was minimally affected by extended exposure to low pH, the minnow behavior was abnormal. They can also be used to make biomass from nutrient and plant material in sewage treatment ponds (Becker, 1983). Page, Lawrence M. and Brooks M. Burr (1991). The literature therefore presents a confused distribution of this species for some areas; for example, its status as native to Tennessee is uncertain (USGS, 2012). on the northeast fringe of the distribution range for the Fathead Minnow. Sublette JE; Hatch MD; Sublette M, 1990. Zimmer KD; Hanson MA; Butler MG, 2001. Fishes of Wisconsin., Wisconsin, USA: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, US Geological Survey. Introduced populations of P. promelas can grow rapidly because of their high reproductive output and their ability to utilize a wide range of food resources. Endocrine-disrupting effects of cattle feedlot effluent on an aquatic sentinel species, the fathead minnow. ALIAS: Tuffy, blackhead minnow, minner. The fathead minnow Pimephales promelas Rafinesque is a member of the fish family Cyprinidae, the largest family of fish with more than 2,000 species worldwide and nearly 300 extant in North America (Jenkins & Burkhead, 1994). In Mississippi, the species is stocked annually in spring. This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Drier area vegetation includes saguaro, mesquite, palo verde and acacia. Note that the lateral line is incomplete (does not extend along the entire body of the fish). Ranger Districts. The body is slightly to moderately compressed, the lateral line tends to be incomplete (with 7-40 pored scales), and the pre-dorsal scales are crowded and significantly smaller than those on the sides of the body (Ross et al., 2001). 2017), fathead Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Identification. Globe Ranger District 7680 S ... Gila top minnow, Fathead minnow and green sunfish. The fathead minnow grows to an average of one and one-half to three inches in length. It was first recorded in California in 1950 and was probably released into the Colorado River from a bait tank. The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the genus Pimephales of the cyprinid family. Investigation of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) as a biological control agent of Culex mosquitoes under laboratory and field conditions. The fathead minnow has a widespread distribution and is … The species has been imported both locally and state wide; for example, the Minnesota bait industry sold P. promelas locally and as far as Florida and New Mexico (USGS, 2012). The Fathead Minnow has been recorded in approx-imately 100 lakes and ponds in the neighbouring State of Maine, occurring in all regions of the state (David Halliwell, Maine Department of Environmental Pro-The Fathead Minnow, Pimephales promelas, in New Brunswick Arlington, Virginia, USA: NatureServe. Moreover, this species has been used for toxicity testing since the 1960s (Environment Canada 2011). General Description. Statistical analysis of geographical variation of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, 1966:457-466. , The effect of low pH on the fathead minnow has also been studied. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Danylchuk Tonn WM, Paszkowski CA, 2012. Fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) have been cultured for use in aquatic toxicity tests for over 30 years, and are the most common fish species used to determine sublethal toxicity of chemicals and complex effluents.  Fathead minnows learn to recognize an animal as a potential predator when it is presented in conjunction with the alarm substance. Fathead Minnow (Pimephales promelas) Fathead minnow belongs to the Pimephales genus of the cyprinid family. 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