Civil War Desk Reference. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Label vector designed by Ibrandify - Freepik.com. Cox, LaWanda C., and Cox, John H., eds. The Ku Klux Klan and similar domestic terrorist organizations played an important role in helping the Democrats reach their goal, which was done at different times between 1869 and 1877 in various southern states. Lincoln was the first president of the United States to be assassinated. ruling party. morally upright but rather bland candidate, Ohio governor Rutherford B. Hayes (1822–1893), whose campaign promises included support for local self-government in the South. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Unlike many biographies of Civil War generals, it devotes significant space to all three phases of its subject’s life. His father raised cotton and thoroughbred horses and owned hundreds of slaves. Such a development was unthinkable to many white Southerners, whose lives before the Civil War had been And when he did, he wasn’t afraid to call out to God. The compromise signaled the end of Reconstruction and the triumph of the so-called Redeemers, who would restore rule by white supremacists (those who believed that whites were superior and should be in charge) in the South. It ended with the compromise by which Democrats agreed to accept the election of Republican presidential candidate Rutherford B. Hayes and the Hayes administration agreed to leave the South alone to manage its own affairs. Abandoning their feeble attempts at a "New Departure," Southern Democrats focused on lowering taxes and controlling the plantation labor force as their main objectives, with the overriding theme of white supremacy as the way to accomplish these goals. The new Southern leaders assured Hayes that black civil and political rights would be protected, and the new president thereafter pursued a "let alone" policy toward the South. Hayes had resolved to serve only one term as president, and he was true to his word. In the South, which had already been suffering from a poor economy, the effects of the depression were felt even more strongly. Wade Hampton Miller, a folk musician who lives in Chugiak, didn't know anything in Alaska was named for the man he called his "distant kinsman" when he arrived in Alaska on a state ferry in 1982. --Courier "[A] splendid biography. As the bulk of the Confederate column reached the edge of town, “The First North Carolina Cavalry, of [Brig. $40.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-8078-3193-9. The act, however, laid the burden of enforcement at the door of black litigants (those involved in a lawsuit) and was not effective. He served throughout the whole war and was wounded four times. Members of this reform movement were disgusted not only by the bribery and other forms of misbehavior in which public officials were involved but also by high taxes and what they saw as extravagant public spending. Wade Hampton killed something like 50 or more bears with a knife. Reconstruction and Reaction: The Emancipation of Slaves, 1861–1913. Reviewed by John Roper (Emory and Henry College) Published on H-CivWar (October, 2010) Commissioned by Martin P. Johnson (Miami University Hamilton) Yet for all Hampton's military victories, he also suffered devastating losses in his family and personal life. For the rest of Hayes's administration, he would follow a "let alone" policy toward the South. He participat… Ames appealed to President Grant to send federal troops to help stem the violence, but the RUTHERFORD BIRCHARD HAYES entered the White House when the powers and prestige of the presidency were at a pa…, Thurmond, Strom Kidinfo.http://www.kidinfo.com/American_History/Civil_War.html (accessed on August 31, 2004). In 1875, a ruling on women's suffrage that the U.S. Constitution did not "confer the right of suffrage on anyone" had a negative impact on blacks. A bitter divide between Republicans and Democrats kept the country from even discussing solutions t… As governor, he oversaw his state's ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment and the establishment of Ohio State University. Wade Hampton (early 1750s – February 4, 1835) was an American soldier, politician, two-term U.S. In South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana, the Mississippi Plan was again put into effect, with similar results. His wife's activism inspired Hayes's own interest in such causes. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. They fought back through violence, in brutal attacks like the one on Flowers after his election as a justice of the peace. SOLID SOUTH. Few Southern elites gave more to the Confederate cause or suffered more in its defeat than General Wade Hampton III of South Carolina. 8 White Supremacists "Redeem" the SouthChattanooga, Tennessee, was the setting for an incident that became, in the troubled yet hopeful years of the Reconstruction era (stretching from the end of the Civil War in April 1865 to the 1870s), all too common in the Southern United States. As noted by black Louisiana citizen Henry Adams and quoted in Reconstruction and Reaction: The Emancipation of Slaves, 1861–1913, "The whole South—every state in the South—had got into the hands of the very men that held us as slaves." The bitterness and resentment of white Southerners, however, had not only survived the war's wake but intensified. Wade Hampton Vet Clinic is a full service veterinary clinic and has been serving people and their pets in Taylors, Greer, Greenville, Simpsonville, Travelers Rest, and Mauldin for over 40 years. WADE HAMPTON: CONFEDERATE WARRIOR TO SOUTHERN REDEEMER. As the 1872 elections approached, however, a much more common stance for Democratic candidates was that of white supremacy. The author of "Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior to Southern Redeemer" says it's … In Washington, D.C., a series of somewhat mysterious meetings took place at which Republicans and Democrats worked out a deal in which the Democrats would accept Hayes's election in exchange for allowing the Southern states to govern using Home Rule. 1 Biography 1.1 Early Years 1.2 Later Years and Marrying Scarlett 1.3 A Father 1.4 Death Frank Kennedy first appears at the barbecue at Twelve Oaks. Economic forms of coercion were also used, as blacks were threatened with the loss of their jobs—or even the denial of medical treatment—if they voted for Republicans. His last words were, “God bless all my people, black and white.” Minutes later he whispered, “Jesus, my Precious Redeemer, please receive me,” and so he went to be with His Lord. the success of the terrorist groups in keeping blacks from the polls had resulted in the Democrats capturing the state legislature in 1870, and the governorship the next year. . One of the South's most illustrious military leaders, Hampton was for a time the commander of all Lee's cavalry and at the end of the war was the highest-ranking Confederate cavalry officer. Historically, even simple measures, such as doctors wearing gloves during surgery, were met Photo courtesy of the North Carolina Division of Archives & History. In July of 1535, King Henry VIII and his court of over 700 people embarked on an epic official tour. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Civil War America Ser. If you would like a reply by email, note that some email servers, such as public school accounts, are blocked from accepting messages from outside email servers or domains. By 1877, every Southern state had a white Redeemer government. Hampton later served as commissioner of Pacific railroads for nine years. Louisiana State University. Meanwhile, African Americans would continue to hope, work, and struggle for expanded educational opportunities, for civil and political rights, and for the equality promised in both the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. The town's election results typify what happened throughout the state: The Democrats won with a majority of 1,175 votes, even though in 1871 the Republicans had had a majority of 648. He was elected to the South Carolina state legislature in 1852 and reelected twice before becoming a senator in 1856. Hayes started organizing local volunteers to serve in the Union army, and in June he was commissioned a major in the Twenty-third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The Southern state elections of 1876 were as bloody as those held during the previous two years. Greeley came out in favor of local control of government and of Southern state governments headed by the region's "natural leaders," with blacks told to fend for themselves and not expect special favors. A Compromise of Principle: Congressional Republicans and Reconstruction, 1863–1869. His parents had earlier migrated from Vermont. Established in the earliest days of white settlement in the United States, this system had involved the capture of blacks in Africa and their transportation to the Southern region of the new nation, where they were forced to become unpaid, often mistreated laborers in the fields and homes. "US Civil War." Hayes served in Congress for two years, coming out in strong support of the measures proposed by the Radical Republicans for the Reconstruction of the South. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002. 640 pp. The troops had been called in to maintain order while the election fall-out was settled. Called the “Mississippi Plan” the strategy used thousands of armed white militia to eliminate white defections to the Republicans and to intimidate Blacks into not voting. They burned down black schools, churches, and homes and intimidated and attacked whites they thought supported black rights. PLEASE NOTE: NCpedia provides the comments feature as a way for viewers to engage with the resources. Their journeys were made easier by the railways arriving at Hampton Court in 1849. In Sumner's honor, Congress passed this legislation, the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which guaranteed civil and political rights and also prohibited segregation (separation of people by race) in public places and, most notably, in public schools. Wade Hampton By Rod Andrew Jr. University of North Carolina, 616 pages, $40. Wade-Davis Bill of 1864: ... Redistricting was an important part of the Redeemer agenda, ... and merchants called the Redeemers started to take over the South once again. Free shipping for many products! Available from https://www.flickr.com/photos/north-carolina-state-archives/4289021398/ (accessed May 4, 2012). (This would result in poor Cabinet and staff choices that would bring dishonor to the Grant administration.) To use the federal troops to help stem the violence, in 1822 poor economy, the South Reconstruction! Allow one business day for replies from NCpedia politician, two-term U.S people embarked on an epic official.! 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