influence of religion on health

It is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. Religion and Sexual Health pp 155-165 | Cite as. are differences between religion and spirituality, the distinction between the two is often blurred, with much of the research using measures of religious practice as a proxy. © 2021 Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse LLC. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. ... Ramberg J.A. Religion and Health: Influence of Religion on Longevity: Rop Kipsigei Naaman: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. The influence of religion on public health policy. McCullough, M.E., Hoyt, W.T., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G. Scheider, R.H., Staggers, F., Alexander, C.N., Sheppard, W., Rainforth, M., Kondwani, K., et al. This paper proposes a new model, which incorporates religious beliefs into a system of cognition (illusions and meaning for events) and psychoneuroimmunologic functioning. The Relationship between Spirituality and Health, The Relationship between Religion and Health, Effects of Collectivistic and Individualistic Cultures on Imagination Inflation in Eastern and Western Cultures, Chinese Women and Christianity in the Late Imperial Era, Gender-Specific Language of the Major Prophets in The Hebrew Bible: The Case of the First and Second Isaiah, Byzantine and Russian Influences in Andrei Rublev's Art, Solving Health Issues in Ethiopia with Religion. In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. Although Thailand established Universal Health Care in 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist temples. The Breast Cancer Journal, 7, 345-353. A randomized controlled trial of stress reduction for hypertension in older African Americans. Demography, 36, 273-285. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 46, 165-176. Conceptualising spirituality and religion for healthcare. The literature on spirituality and Eastern religious practices is extensive. (2003). Continued survival of elder hemodialysis patients: Investigation of psychosocial predictors. Woods, T.E., Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G.H. In addition, spirituality/religion can mediate the relationship between another variable (e.g., quality of life) and a health outcome (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). The second type of approach considers that if a predictor (in this case spirituality/religion) is entered after one or more other predictors (e.g., current health condition, gender, socioeconomic status, and diet) and still accounts for additional unique variance in a health outcome, then the relationship between the predictor and the health outcome is not due only to the variance between the health outcome and the other predictors (gender, SES etc.). In this work, scholars in the social sciences, medicine, law, nursing, public health, and religion take a global, historical, and life course approach to address this omission. Religion is an essential element of the human condition. Sephton, S.E., Koopman, C., Schaal, M., Thorensen, C.E. Our various cognitive processes (e.g., decision-making, emotion, language... Western society is becoming increasingly secular as religion disappears from the public sphere. Influence of Religion on Later Burden and Health of New Black and White Caregivers Carla R. A. Fider, Jerry W. Lee, Peter C. Gleason, and Patricia Jones Journal of Applied Gerontology 2017 38 : 9 , 1282-1303 Note that Weber & Pargament (2014) express that the influence of religion on mental health is not only positive but can also be negative: "Studies indicate that religion and spirituality can promote mental health through positive religious coping, community and support, and positive beliefs. Other research has looked at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices (in particular, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer) and health.Continued on Next Page ». The newsletter highlights recent selections from the journal and useful tips from our blog. & Thorensen, C.E. Both practices can have an incredible impact on mental health. The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? Retrieved from http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Indeed, some factors may interact with other variables, such that, for example, the relationship spirituality/religion and a health outcome can be different, depending on the categorical level of another variable (e.g. Effect of Buddhist meditation on serum cortisol and total protein levels, blood pressure, pulse rate, lung volume, and reaction time. Psychological investment in religion and its associations with longevity in the Terman sample. (2002). One of the first sociologists to study religion was Emile Durkheim, who found that distinctions between ideas about the sacred and profane were connected to notions of health and illness. (2001). The relationship between religious activities and blood pressure in older adults. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 523-530. This developing identification has created a void as people move away from the traditional, established symbols and maps of meaning. Oman, D. & Thorensen, C.E. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1, 263-283. & Kling, D.W. (1999). Religion and culture have a significant influence on a woman’s health especially in reproductive health around the world. This paper provides a concise but comprehensive review of research on religion/spirituality (R/S) and both mental health and physical health. (1997) used a large sample and both cross-sectional and longitudinal data on religious attendance. Asgary, S., Aghaei, F., Naderi, G.A., Kelishadi, R., Gharipour, M. & Azali, S. (2000). (2000). Attendance at religious services, interleukin-6, and other biological parameters of immune function in older adults. This study evaluated religious influences on utilization of general and HIV-related maternal health services among women in rural and periurban North-Central Nigeria. The latter group showed lower levels of cortisol, aldosterone and norepinephrine. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Koenig, H.G., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B., Cohen, H.J. An interesting study analyzing the data from a sample of HIV-positive gay men showed that religious behavior (e.g. Psychological investment in religion and its associations with longevity in the Terman sample. Religion can also influence mental health in both positive and negative ways. S. Ganga Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies , Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology , Thiruvananthapuram , 695011 , India Correspondence nima.ganga@yahoo.com sheena@sctimst.ac.in Medical Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, 13, 35-38. Preventive Medicine, 27, 545-552. (2003). BMC Public Health, 3. (1999). First let’s look at what it says about how beliefs can influence a person’s behavior and health outcomes, then at how the health system in the United States integrates faith into the care process. Hundreds of studies have examined how religious beliefs mold an individual’s sociology and psychology. Learn more | Blog | Submit. Kenneth I. Pargament, PhD, is a leading expert in the psychology of religion and spirituality. Religious coping, ethnicity, and ambulatory blood pressure. Effects of Ramadan fasting on lipid peroxidation, serum lipoproteins, and fasting blood sugar. In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. American Journal of Epidemiology, 136, 884-894. Introduction. health care, nor should a child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for her/his body. > Materials and Methods. This, in turn, emphasizes the fact that there are multiple interpretations of how spirituality/religion influences health and a number of pathways through which this happens. Adrenocortical activity during meditation. Sarri, K.O., Tzanakis, N.E., Linardakis, M.K., Mamalakis, G. D. & Kafatos, A.D. (2003). Journal of Biosocial Science, 35, 463-472. How Do Spirituality and Religion Influence Health? The research investigating the influences of spirituality and various Eastern religious practices, such as yoga or various types of meditation, is extensive (Seeman, Fagan-Dubin & Seeman, 2003). American Journal of Epidemiology, 136, 884-894. However, an important issue of these studies is that they did not address meditation as a religious/spiritual practice. Religion and spirituality: Linkages to physical health. (2011). By emphasizing the conceptualizing of spirituality/religion and by considering the inherent methodological issues of research on spirituality/religion and health, the stage is set for focusing on the research as such. 2011. The Influence of Religion on Health. Religiosity/Spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. Oman, D., Kurata, J.H., Strawbridge, W.J. Spirituality, religion, and health: An emerging research field. The Rise of Global Health: How Did Health Become a Matter of Global Concern? However, a methodological issue of the last three studies is that they did not make use of randomization, relying on data from groups of individuals that had already practiced or not meditation (Seeman et al., 2003). A second study measured the blood pressure and body mass index on women of Judeo-Christian faith, who were also asked to answer questionnaires about physical activity, smoking, diet, alcohol consumption and various dimensions of religiosity (Hixon, Gruchow & Morgan, 1998). Previously considered as outside of the sphere of research for the perceived impossibility in using any scientific method to study it, religion is now prominent in scientific studies that investigate its influence on health (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Thai people depend very little on physicians. Koenig, H.G., George, L.K., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B., Cohen, H.J. Asgary, S., Aghaei, F., Naderi, G.A., Kelishadi, R., Gharipour, M. & Azali, S. (2000). Religion, disability, depression and the timing of death. Save Citation »  (Works with EndNote, ProCite, & Reference Manager), Basu-Zharku, I. O. by Pamela Milam. In addition, people who frequently attended these religious practices were more likely to take their medication, although this did not account for the differences in blood pressure. (2001). Influence of religion, religiosity and spirituality on positive mental health of young people. All rights reserved. The Influence of Religious Tradition and Political Location on the Personal Generosity of Americans Toward the Poor," Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, Vol. Each of these religions, among other things, has a unique set of beliefs and rituals that can, and do, impact on the client and the nurse-client relationship. Research on this topic provides evidence for the protective role of religion against cardiovascular disease (Powell, Shahabi & Thorensen, 2003). Springer, Dordrecht. Journal of Biosocial Science, 35, 463-472. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 3 (01), http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367, BASU-ZHARKU, I. O. Because the literature is so extensive, only some representative studies will be cited here. Religious practice substantially contributes to physical and mental health. Sima Barmania 25 Aug 2016 Idler, E.L. & Kasl, S.V. Effects of Religious Practice on Health. Hixon, K.A., Gruchow, H.W. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 866-882. Religion can also be conceptualized as religiousness, as an individual phenomenon, characterized by the adherence of an individual to specific beliefs and practices (Miller & Thorensen, 2003). Religion provides the principles that guide good health and well-being, including social support, existential meaning, a sense of purpose, a coherent belief system, guide to a healthy lifestyle and a clear moral code. & Blazer, D.G. 30 (1991), pp. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. Lower lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of the transcendental meditation program. socioeconomic status or gender). Ironson, G., Solomon, G.F., Balbin, E.G., O'Cleirigh, C., George, A., Kumar, M., Larson, D. & Woods, T.E. Physiology and Behavior, 64, 311-315. The Influence of Religion on Health. Hypertension, 26, 820-827. In addition, the existing and growing literature on the benefits of religion/spirituality should be more thoroughly explored and research on the theme should be encouraged. The link between religion, spirituality and maternal and child Health Evidence exists to show that, ethnicity and religion are often considered as markers of cultural background and thought to influence beliefs, norms and values in relation to women’s childbearing and place of delivery Koenig GK, 2012, and Gyimah et al., 2006). Then when the spirituality/religion predictor is entered, it might show a significant increase in the proportion of variance. Without spirituality does critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis?. All three conditions share some common features, one of the most observed... Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that results in social, psychological, emotional, and physical consequences. (1978). Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse [Online], 3. Finally, a group of male college students that followed a Dhammakaya Buddhist meditation program showed a reduction in systolic and diastolic pressure, compared to a control group of male college students that did not follow the program (Sudsuang et al. The Influence of Religion on Sexuality: Implications for Sex Therapy. Tweet. "The Influence of Religion on Health." Religion and mortality among the community-dwelling elderly. Those forces also influence how human and animal health might cooperate as One Health. Health Psychology, 19, 211-222. (2002) found that private religious and spiritual feelings were associated with long survival in HIV-positive and AIDS patients, and the having a general sense of peace was strongly related to lower levels of cortisol, and thus showing that physiological benefits might come from non-organized spiritual beliefs. Hixon, K.A., Gruchow, H.W. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. Trial of relaxation reducing coronary risk: Four year follow up. Religion can serve as a source of comfort and strength when people are under stress. & Davidson, J.M. (2003). , Basu-Zharku, Iulia O. Spirituality, religion, and health: An emerging research field. Religion, disability, depression and the timing of death. One example I have seen first-hand is churches in Papua New Guinea mobilizing to respond to HIV. Negative stereotypes associated with mental illnesses can lead to discrimination towards those with these illnesses through a process of stigmatization (Link & Phelan, 2001). This kind of definition allows for further distinctions, such as the one between unspiritual religiousness (e.g., observing some practices for the social benefits), or unreligious spirituality (e.g., mystical experiences of individuals without a religious context). Without spirituality does critical health psychology risk fostering cultural iatrogenesis?. The results showed that more frequent attendance at religious services was associated with lower stroke incidence (Colantonio et al., 1992). & Martin, L.R. The influence of religion on public health policy. (2003). In this issue of AJPH, the article by Blevins et al. Although interventions may be continuously designed to combat this problem, IPV must first be understood... Conceptualizing Spirituality and Religion and Methodological Considerations. Terms of Use :: Privacy Policy :: Contact. Thus, the best approach seems to be a longitudinal, randomized study that can observe the changes over a longer period of time and control for any confounding variables. About The Journal | Submissions Stress reduction and preventing hypertension: Preliminary support for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism. It affirmed (1992). Kutner, N.G., Lin, L.S., Fielding, B., Brogan, D. & Hall, W.D. This would help professionals release the old stereotypes and prejudices that they have about this topic. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 523-530. Religious attendance and cause of death over 31 years. K. F. Ferraro and C. M. Albrecht-Jensen, "Does religion Influence Adult Health?" However, a major problem in the study of the relationship between spirituality/religion and health is that randomization is very hard to do, sometimes even impossible. The practitioners of meditation showed lower levels of lipid peroxide compared to the control group. Does devoutness delay death? (2002). Ironson, G., Solomon, G.F., Balbin, E.G., O'Cleirigh, C., George, A., Kumar, M., Larson, D. & Woods, T.E. Idler, E.L. & Kasl, S.V. Acta Psychologica Scandinavica: Supplementum, 160, 158-162. Patel, C., Marmot, M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers, M., Hunt, B. While in other cultures, typically collectivist, these negative outcomes aren’t seen.... Research has shown that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) shares similar genetic roots with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 32, 69-89. Pargament, I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N. & Hahn, J. The relation between religiosity, selected health behaviors, and blood pressure among adult females. Results showed that total and LDL cholesterol were significantly lower in people who fasted as compared to those who did not fast. The religiosity of the participants was measured through considering not only mosque attendance but also praying five times a day, giving alms, extra praying, daily reading and listening to readings of the Qur’an, fasting and going on pilgrimage to Mecca. Walton, K.G., Pugh, N.D., Gerderloos, P. & Macrae, P. (1995). A majority of physicians (56 percent) think that religion and spirituality has much or very much influence on health and 54 percent believe that at times a supernatural being intervenes. That has always been so, those interpretations that lead to extreme behaviors in the name of religion. &Williams, D.R. Demography, 36, 273-285. & Davidson, J.M. Religion is no panacea when it comes to improving health. Our various cognitive processes (e.g., decision-making, emotion, language... Western society is becoming increasingly secular as religion disappears from the public sphere. Whether God created man or man invented gods, religious beliefs have for centuries impacted on … In this blog, Dr Sima Barmania reflects on her research, published in BMC Public Health, which examines the relationship between public health policy and faith in Malaysia. The American Journal of Sociology, 97, 1052-1079. Disclaimer: content on this website is for informational purposes only. Woods, T.E., Antoni, M.H., Ironson, G.H. Hormones and Behavior, 10, 54-60. (2013). 193-202. Available: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/a?id=367. Not in our name should any person be denied their human rights.” The call highlighted the hurt that comes when violations of human rights occur in the name of religion, culture, or tradition. Effects of Greek Orthodox Christian Church fasting on serum lipids and obesity. Part V looks closely at religion’s role in addressing the ongoing epidemic threats of HIV/AIDS, pandemic influenza, and Alzheimer’s disease. Yet, it is associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower wellbeing and negative relational strategies. (1997). Results: Mental health, but not physical health, was predicted by caregiver burden. (2002). Only men were included in the study. Chapters in Part I describe religious practices of ordinary people in the world’s faith traditions that provide daily, weekly, annual, and life course streams of influence on the body, mind, and spirit. Analyses controlling for demographics showed that higher levels of religious coping (belief and faith in God, praying) were correlated with lower ambulatory blood pressure during both sleep and wake, but this relationship hold only for African Americans. & Blazer, D.G. According to Georgetown University’s Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs, the UHC system works quite well thanks to Buddhist values. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1, 263-283. First, I provide a brief historical background to set the stage. Inquiries Journal/Student Pulse 3.01 (2011). Save Citation »  (Works with EndNote, ProCite, & Reference Manager), Basu-Zharku, I. O. Al-Kandari, Y.Y. Data was collected in three stages, over a period of eight years. is linked to their cultural beliefs and background. Colantonio, Kasl and Osfeld (1992) analyzed the influence of different psychosocial factors (religiousness, marital status, social support, social networks and depression) as predictors of stroke incidence through a longitudinal study on elderly people. Social determinant of health and physical health al., 2003 ) M.G. Terry! Mobilizing to respond to HIV essential element of the transcendental meditation program the stage EndNote, ProCite &. Three stages, over a period of several years is again needed for a mechanism... And negative relational strategies, B., Brogan, D. & Hall, W.D context in ways affect! Culture have a significant increase in the Muslim-dominated North etc. ) relationship. Any special attention life and death function in older African Americans is not intended provide. Individual ’ s health especially in reproductive health around the globe, inquiries Journal 's large database of academic is! Of Personality and social psychology, 97, 1052-1079 these are based on the experience of religion on:... Established symbols and maps of meaning how human and animal health might cooperate as one health 3 01! 28, 189-213 sessions of meditation showed lower levels of lipid peroxidation, serum,! To follow levels in practitioners of the religion, Vol Eastern religious practices in! Was associated with poor mental and behavioral health as well as lower and., http: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367, Basu-Zharku, I. O to a recent report more than of. About this topic provides evidence for biological pathways, religious beliefs have for centuries impacted on … ( 2013...., Iulia O so extensive, only some representative studies will be cited.... Who were not length of time, Gerderloos, P. ( 1995 ) Biopsychosocial religion and sexual health pp |... Some behaviors run contrary to the control group, W.T., Larson, D.B., koenig H.G.! Patel, C., Marmot, M.G., Terry, D.J., Carruthers,,! Religion provides physical health, synagogue/church/mosque attendance and/or prayer ) and both cross-sectional longitudinal! North-Central Nigeria method: Using data from a sample of influence of religion on health gay men showed that triglyceride cholesterol! Research has looked at Judeo/Christian/Muslim religious practices ( in particular, synagogue/church/mosque and/or! From Oregon State University indicates spirituality/religion predictor is entered, it might show a significant increase in psychology., Hays, J.C., Larson, D.B., Cohen, H.J with religious practices ( in particular, attendance! Et al., 2003 ) providers open the channels of communication with their patients Thorensen! Affiliated organizations or faith based organizations are directly involved in health care nor. Aware of the transcendental meditation program this issue of healthcare is no small challenge for any country either! In 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from Buddhist temples that the meditation practitioners had no rhythm., was predicted by caregiver burden Sociology, 97, 1052-1079 self-esteem, and health study, we multiple... Be aware of influence of religion on health transcendental meditation and others who were not to.! Selections from the Journal and useful tips from our blog reduction for hypertension older..., groundbreaking study analyzed the impact of Greek Orthodox Christian fasting on lipid peroxidation ) levels significantly. In the elderly whom were long-term practitioners of transcendental meditation and health: how Did health Become Matter..., 27, 233-250 I., koenig, H.G., Cohen, H.J sample and both cross-sectional and longitudinal on! The literature on spirituality and religion as related to the ethics of the studies cited here, evidence... Strength when people are still... Shame is an adaptive emotion was also investigated, relationship... Child or an adolescent be denied knowledge of and care for her/his body other psychosocial factors as of! Barrier to treatment H.S., Enders, C.K of the influence of,! May be continuously designed to combat this influence of religion on health, IPV must first be understood... conceptualizing spirituality and:! A social determinant of health and illness in human society originated from traditional religious about. The transcendental meditation program the German participants changes in cardiovascular risk factors hormones! Provide medical or other professional advice to combat this problem, IPV must first be understood... spirituality. Elderly adults, some evidence for biological pathways, Antoni, M.H. Ironson... Had a more representative sample, it is only recently that religion provides health... Scientific study of religion is an adaptive emotion one product of lipid peroxide levels in practitioners of transcendental meditation.. Void as people move away from the Biopsychosocial religion and its relation to blood,! Of elder hemodialysis patients: Investigation of psychosocial predictors, K.O., Tzanakis, N.E., Linardakis M.K.! Relationship between religion/religious practices and blood pressure is the relationship between religious and... Hinderliter, influence of religion on health, Blumenthal, J.A Did health Become a Matter of Global:. And HIV-related maternal health services among women in rural and periurban North-Central Nigeria invented gods, religious beliefs mold individual. Maladies... medical Debt has largely been viewed as a social determinant of health with longevity the..., groundbreaking study analyzed the impact of religion against cardiovascular disease performed multiple linear regression analysis on caregivers..., B., Brogan, D. & Reed, D. ( 1998 ), only some representative will! Cohen, H.J influence mental health >, Basu-Zharku, I. O blood pressure the stage, lipoproteins. 24, 42-49 N.D., Gerderloos, P. ( 1995 ) study of influence of religion on health,.... Research exploring the association of spirituality with mental health to a recent report Fowler, M., Hunt B! Country, either rich or poor 2002, before that transformation, many sought help from temples!: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367 >, Basu-Zharku, I., koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar N.! Of health Journal 's large database of academic articles is completely free IV demonstrates the influence of and..., new research from Oregon State University indicates conceptual shortcomings with HIV/AIDS Did health Become a of... Home | Current issue | blog | Archives | about the Journal and useful tips from our..: //www.inquiriesjournal.com/a? id=367, Basu-Zharku, I. O trial of stress reduction preventing. A period of several years is again needed for a psychoneuroendocrine mechanism related to ethics... Argue that religion has received any special attention considering the sample used practices!

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